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豬用復合預混料添加劑的標準

來源:http://www.abundant-life-coaching.com/ 日期:2020-08-24 發布人:sanwa8

豬用復合預混料是由多種飼料添加劑按照一定的配比混合而成的中間產品,旨在讓用戶自行配制全價飼料。我國技術監督局發布的《飼料工業通用術語》標準中對飼料添加劑如下定義:“為滿足畜禽特殊需要(如為提高飼料利用率,保證或改善飼料品質,促進飼養動物生產,保障飼養動物健康)而加入飼料中的少量或微量營養性或非營養性的物質。

Compound premix for pigs is an intermediate product made of a variety of feed additives according to a certain proportion, which aims to let users prepare full price feed by themselves. The standard of general terms for feed industry issued by China's Technical Supervision Bureau defines feed additives as follows: "a small amount or trace of nutritive or non nutritive substances added to feed to meet the special needs of livestock and poultry (such as improving feed utilization rate, ensuring or improving feed quality, promoting animal production and ensuring animal health).
一、飼料添加劑分類
1、 Classification of feed additives
飼料添加劑的分類眾說紛紜,不同學者提出不同分類方法,而筆者根據多年的基層實踐,認為飼料添加劑分為以下三類更易為基層工作者所接受。
There are different opinions on the classification of feed additives, and different scholars put forward different classification methods. Based on years of grass-roots practice, the author thinks that feed additives can be divided into the following three categories, which are more easily accepted by grass-roots workers.
1、 營養性飼料添加劑
1. Nutritive feed additive
主要有氨基酸添加劑、維生素添加劑、礦物質添加劑等。這類添加劑的用途是補充基礎日糧營養成分之不足,以使日糧達到營養成分平衡即全價性。
There are mainly amino acid additives, vitamin additives, mineral additives and so on. The purpose of this kind of additive is to supplement the deficiency of the basic diet nutrients, so as to make the diet reach the nutritional balance, that is, the total price.
2、 藥物飼料添加劑
2. Pharmaceutical feed additive
主要有抗生素添加劑、激素類添加劑、驅蟲劑、抗菌促長劑、生菌劑、中草藥添加劑等。國內禁止使用激素類、鎮靜劑類等用作飼料添加劑,絕不允許使用以提高肉豬瘦肉率為目的的β—興奮劑類。這類飼料添加劑的功效,主要在于增強機體免疫力,促進生長,提高經濟效益。歐盟對抗生素的使用有嚴格的規定,我國也禁止濫用,須嚴格按《飼料和飼料添加劑管理條例》執行。

There are mainly antibiotic additives, hormone additives, anthelmintic agents, antibacterial growth promoting agents, microbial agents, Chinese herbal medicine additives and so on. It is forbidden to use hormones and tranquilizers as feed additives in China, and β - stimulants with the purpose of increasing lean meat rate of pigs are not allowed. The effect of this kind of feed additive is mainly to enhance immunity, promote growth and improve economic efficiency. There are strict regulations on the use of antibiotics in EU, and abuse of antibiotics is prohibited in China, which should be carried out in strict accordance with the regulations on Administration of feed and feed additives.
3、 改善飼料質量添加劑
3. Additives for improving feed quality
主要有抗氧化劑、脂肪抑制劑、防霉劑、調味劑等。
There are mainly antioxidants, fat inhibitors, mildew inhibitors, seasoning agents and so on.
給豬供給全價飼料旨在提高畜禽飼料轉化率,這是廣大飼養者的愿望和要求。在能量和蛋白質基本得到滿足的條件下,使用適量氨基酸、維生素、微量元素等添加劑即可完善配合飼料全價性,從而達到降低飼料消耗,提高生產水平和經濟效益的目的。
The purpose of supplying pigs with full price feed is to improve the feed conversion rate of livestock and poultry, which is the desire and requirement of the majority of breeders. Under the condition that energy and protein are basically satisfied, the full price of compound feed can be improved by using proper amount of additives such as amino acids, vitamins and trace elements, so as to reduce feed consumption, improve production level and economic benefits.

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