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當前位置:首頁>新聞中心>>行業動態>>散戶該如何合理選用豬濃縮料?

散戶該如何合理選用豬濃縮料?

來源:http://www.abundant-life-coaching.com/ 日期:2020-09-01 發布人:sanwa8

濃縮料是指按照飼養標準的要求,把各種蛋白質原料(如豆粕、菜籽粕、魚粉等),再加上一定比例的礦物質、添加劑,科學合理混合而成的一種半成品飼料,使用簡單、方便,使用時只要按標簽上的參考配方,靈活掌握配上自產的玉米面、糠麩類即可,但不能直接飼喂。豬OK小編發現一些養殖戶,特別是散養的農戶在選用上存在諸多不當之處,在此有針對性地提出小散戶豬濃縮料選用需要注意的幾個方面,供大家參考。

Concentrated feed is a kind of semi-finished feed, which is scientifically and reasonably mixed with various protein raw materials (such as soybean meal, rapeseed meal, fish meal, etc.) and a certain proportion of minerals and additives according to the requirements of feeding standards. It is simple and convenient to use. When using, it is only necessary to flexibly master the self-produced corn flour and bran according to the reference formula on the label, but not directly Feeding. Pig OK small series found that some farmers, especially the scattered farmers in the selection of a lot of improper, in this targeted small retail Pig concentrate selection need to pay attention to several aspects, for your reference.
1、分清類型與階段,合理選料
1. Distinguish type and stage, select material reasonably
小散戶更突出的盲目用料是用肥豬濃縮料拌玉米面來代替乳豬顆粒料或乳豬濃縮料,結果適得其反,沒節約成本,反造成乳豬拉稀的多,營養不良,生長緩慢,嚴重的導致豬只得水腫病死亡。不同畜種、不同經濟類型、不同生長階段的畜禽對各種營養成分的需求是不同的,按照它們不同的營養需求配制而成的濃縮料,品種繁多。因此,在選購時,要仔細了解產品的適用對象,根據飼養的畜禽及品種對號選購適宜的濃縮料,以達到飼喂效果。
The most prominent blind use of feed for small retail investors is to use concentrated fat pig mixed with corn flour instead of granular feed or concentrated feed of suckling pig. The result is just the opposite. There is no cost saving. On the contrary, it results in more lean suckling pigs, malnutrition and slow growth, which leads to the death of edema disease. Different kinds of livestock, different economic types and different growth stages of livestock and poultry have different requirements for various nutrients. According to their different nutritional requirements, there are many kinds of concentrates. Therefore, in order to achieve the best feeding effect, it is necessary to carefully understand the applicable object of the product and select the appropriate concentrated feed according to the number of livestock and poultry raised.

2、按參考比例,合理配料
2. According to the reference proportion, reasonable ingredients
濃縮飼料是半成品飼料,應根據畜禽的不同類型、階段按比例配制成全價飼料,供畜禽使用。然而,當前很多農戶,用濃縮料時不是一次性配好了使用,而是用水壺蓋或碗憑想象舀點濃縮料拌上一些玉米面、糠麩就可,根本也不過一下稱,按比例配制,這種太過隨意的盲目做法是不科學的。因此,在配制全價料時,要按標簽上的參考比例進行配制,靈活應用,也不要隨意加入別的過多添加劑。如瘦肉型豬,那就選適合瘦肉型豬的濃縮料,再根據豬的大小和標簽上的參考配方,配制成適合瘦肉型豬的配合飼料,而土雜豬我們就按土雜豬的需求配制,蛋白含量就可適當低些,并考慮充分利用自家產的農副產品。
Concentrated feed is a kind of semi-finished feed, which should be made into full price feed according to different types and stages of livestock and poultry. However, at present, many farmers do not use the concentrated materials at one time, but scoop some concentrated materials with the lid of a kettle or a bowl according to imagination, and mix some corn flour and bran. It's just a short title at all. It's unscientific to make the concentrate according to the proportion. Therefore, in the preparation of full price material, the preparation should be carried out according to the reference proportion on the label, flexible application, and do not add too many other additives at will. For example, for lean meat pigs, we should select the concentrate suitable for lean meat pigs, and then according to the size of pigs and the reference formula on the label, we can prepare the compound feed suitable for lean meat pigs, and we will prepare the local Hybrid Pigs according to the needs of local pigs, so that the protein content can be appropriately lower, and we should consider making full use of our own agricultural and sideline products.
3、使用時混料要均勻,盡量做到畜禽采食的營養均衡
3. When using, the mixture should be even, and the nutrition balance of livestock and poultry should be achieved as far as possible
濃縮飼料與玉米等能量飼料混合一定要均勻。對于規模戶而言,更好用料加工機拌,而對于大部分散養戶,多為手工拌料,手工拌料的方法是:先將一部分能量飼料與濃縮料混合,充分攪拌,達到均勻一致,然后再加一部分能量飼料,充分攪拌混合均勻。這樣經過多次混合攪拌,就配制成了均勻一致的全價飼料。如混合不均勻,則可造成畜禽營養不良,影響飼養效果。
Concentrate feed and corn and other energy feed must be mixed evenly. For large-scale households, it is best to use material processing machine mixing, while for most of the scattered farmers, most of them are manual mixing. The method of manual mixing is: first, part of the energy feed is mixed with the concentrated material, fully stirred to achieve uniformity, and then a part of energy feed is added to fully mix and mix evenly. In this way, after many times of mixing and stirring, a uniform and uniform full price feed is prepared. If the mixture is not uniform, it can cause malnutrition of livestock and poultry and affect the feeding effect.
4、配合料避免加熱熟喂
4. Avoid heating the batch
用濃縮料配成的全價料,拌入熱的熟食中、經過加熱或進行發酵處理會造成營養成分的損失,嚴重破壞其營養平衡,特別是維生素的損失更為嚴重,直接影響到畜禽生產性能的發揮。飼喂時應生料干喂或拌濕后飼喂。
The full price material made of concentrated materials, mixed into hot cooked food, heated or fermented, will cause the loss of nutrients and seriously destroy the nutritional balance, especially the loss of vitamins, which directly affects the production performance of livestock and poultry. When feeding, raw materials should be fed dry or mixed wet.
5、妥善保管飼料,注意保質期
5. Keep the feed properly and pay attention to the shelf life
濃縮飼料不宜長久存放,存放過長會使濃縮飼料中的蛋白質、維生素、氨基酸等成分效價逐漸降低,甚至發霉結塊變質。因此,購買濃縮飼料時要注意生產日期和保質期,一次不宜買得太多,夠用半個月到一個月左右較好,并把配好的料保存在避光、干燥通風、不被鼠咬蟲害、無異味干凈的地方,避免營養物質受到破壞。
The concentrated feed should not be stored for a long time. If it is stored too long, the potency of protein, vitamin, amino acid and other components in concentrated feed will gradually decrease, and even become moldy and caking. Therefore, we should pay attention to the production date and shelf life when purchasing concentrated feed. We should not buy too much at one time. It is better to use it for about half a month to a month. The prepared feed should be kept away from light, dry and ventilated, free from rat bites and insects, and free of peculiar smell, so as to avoid the damage of nutrients.
6、忌換料過勤或料不好時也不換料
6. Do not change the material too often or when the material is not good
一些農戶沒有主見,聽說那種飼料好,馬上就又換一種飼料,或認為新牌子頭批飼料好,也就不停地換料、頻繁地試驗;還有的是認為換料嚴重影響生長,明明知道料不算好,也不愿換一種好的??茖W的做法是掌握正確的換料辦法,當飼料不是很理想時,就重選一個好的堅決換掉。正確的換料辦法是在4~7天內逐漸完成,原來的料逐漸減少,新的料逐漸增加了混合著喂,這樣的過渡,能很好地減少飼料應激。
Some farmers do not have their own opinions. When they hear that the feed is good, they immediately change another kind of feed, or think that the first batch of new brand feed is good, they constantly change the feed and test it frequently; others think that the change of feed seriously affects the growth, and they know that the feed is not good, and they are not willing to change a good feed. The scientific way is to master the correct way to change the feed. When the feed is not very ideal, choose a good one and change it. The correct way to change feed is to gradually complete in 4-7 days, the original feed gradually reduced, the new feed gradually increased, mixed feeding, such a transition, can well reduce feed stress.
7、忌豬兒大小不分地喂同一標準飼料
7. Do not feed pigs with the same standard feed regardless of size
體重相差過大的豬關在一個豬舍,并用同樣的飼料標準喂養,正確的做法是大小分群飼養,按豬的階段采用不同的配方,這既利于豬的正常生長,也不浪費飼料。
Pigs with large difference in body weight should be kept in a pig house and fed with the same feed standard. The correct way is to raise pigs in groups according to their stages, which is conducive to the normal growth of pigs and does not waste feed.

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